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 NATIONAL FOOD AND NUTRITION GUIDELINES

 

UK NATIONAL FOOD GUIDELINES

In the UK the FSA (Food Standards Agency) introduced an adapted food pyramid in 2007 called the Eatwell Plate (now similar to the USDA 2011 ChooseMyPlate). It was much less descriptive and simplistic than the food pyramid. The Eatwell Plate can be found below:

 

US NATIONAL FOOD GUIDELINES

In the UK the FSA (Food Standards Agency) introduced an adapted food pyramid in 2007 called the Eatwell Plate (now similar to the USDA 2011 ChooseMyPlate). It was much less descriptive and simplistic than the food pyramid. The Eatwell Plate can be found below:

The Eatwell Plate is supported by 8 key healthy eating tips:

1 Base your meals on starchy foods
2
Eat lots of fruit and vegetables (5 portions per day)
3 Eat more fish (2 portions per week, 1 of which should be oily)
4 Cut down on saturated fat
5 Try to eat less salt, less than 6g per day
6 Get active and try to be a healthy weight
7 Drink plenty of water (6 - 8 glasses)
8 Don’t skip breakfast

The national food model and guidelines work on the following daily nutrition targets:

ADULT MALE

2500

Calories/day

ADULT FEMALE

2000

Calories/day

50 - 60%

Of Calories form
CARBOHYDRATES

30 - 35%

Of Calories form
FATS

10 - 15%

Of Calories form
PROTEINS

c

Estimating Average Requirements for energy for health men and women aged between 19 – 50 of normal weight and for weight management confirmed in 2003 by the Scientific Advisory Committee for Nutrition (SACN) and can be seen in the table below:

Male Female
Energy 2500 kcals
2000 kcals
Carbohydrate 50-60% of daily energy
50-60% of daily energy
Total Fat 30% (no more than 35%)
30% (no more than 35%)
Saturated Fats Not more than 11%
Not more than 11%
Polyunsaturated Fats 6.5%
6.5%
Monounsaturated Fats 13%
13%
Protein 10-15%
10-15%
Sodium Limit intake to no more than 6g per day Limit intake to no more than 6g per day

It is important to remember that these values are suggested as guidelines for the UK population, rather than recommendations for individuals within the population and some groups may require an increased or decreased amount of these values, such as:

• Individuals leading active lifestyles may require a higher percentage of carbohydrate (70%)

• Individuals aiming for weight loss may benefit from an increased protein intake (20%)

• Older adults, if sedentary, may require a reduced daily intake of kcal’s and more specific nutrients, such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium to maintain bone health.

• Pregnant women may require increased daily kcal (up to 300 kcal extra) and nutrients to support the developing baby.

Knowledge is Power